Pest of the week – Wheat Bulb Fly

Wheat Bulb Fly, Delia coarctata, lays its eggs in exposed soil in July and August. The eggs will then hatch the following year, between January and March. After the eggs have hatched, the larvae move through the soil and bore into the base of cereal plants, feeding on the central shoot. This causes a ‘dead […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Take-all

Take-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) is a soil borne disease affecting wheat, barley, rye and triticale. Estimations suggest that half of the UK wheat crop is affected, and yield losses can be as high as 20%. In severe cases, up to 50% of the crop can be lost. The cost to farmers is hard to […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Light Leaf Spot

Light leaf spot (Pyrenopeziza brassicae) survives the summer months on oilseed rape trash and volunteers. From oilseed rape debris, the fungus develops apothecia which release ascospores that are wind dispersed. These spores are can travel on the wind for several miles, infecting new plants. When a plant is infected, conidiospores are produced which can only infect […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Phoma leaf spot

Phoma leaf spot and the resulting stem canker is caused by 2 pathogens, Leptosphaeria maculans and Leptosphaeria biglobosa. The disease is predicted to cause £100M of damage each season, making it one of the most important diseases of winter oilseed rape in the UK. The disease spreads in the autumn by airborne ascospores that are released […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Aphids

There are many types of aphids: Peach Potato Aphid (Myzus persicae), Bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi) and Grain aphid (Sitobion avenae), to name but a few. Aphids pose a threat to crops in several ways; – They feed by inserting their mouth parts into the xylem/phloem of the plant and sucking out the sugary sap. -Damage caused […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Cabbage Stem Flea Beetle

The cabbage stem flea beetle (Psylliodes chrysocephala) and Wessex flea beetle (Psylliodes luteola) cause shot holing leaf damage to brassica plants. Oilseed rape is extremely susceptible to flea beetle attack, with some crops last season being destroyed by them. However, so far this season, damage has been present but hard to find in newly established crops. […]

Read More

Pest of the week – Slugs

Slugs are a widespread pest that can cause damage to most crops year round navigate to this site. There are 3 key species of slug; Grey field slugs (Deroceras reticulatum & other Deroceras spp.), Garden slugs (Arion hortensis & Arion distinctus) and Keeled slugs (Milax, Tandonia & Boettgerilla spp.). Both cultural and chemical control is […]

Read More

Oil radish cover crops

An oil radish cover crop can be used to benefit the soil in several ways. The benefits gained depend on the variety of oil radish used; -Standard Crop Oil Radish acts as a nitrogen catcher, has rapid growth, is club root resistant and frost resistant to -6°C. -Single Nematode Species Resistant Oil Radish has the […]

Read More

Slug control this autumn

The use up date for all methiocarb slug pellets is the 18th September, meaning only 2 active ingredients, metaldehyde and ferric phosphate, remain for slug control. Enzo 3 slug pellets offer a high quality, persistent and palatable metaldehyde based bait. The uniform size and density provide excellent spreading and ballistic characteristics leading to the optimum […]

Read More

Biofumigant mustard

Biofumigation is the suppression of various soil borne pests and diseases by naturally occurring compounds. Certain plants, including mustards, produce isothiocyanate (ITC), a natural gas, released from plant tissues. It is believed that this mechanism was originally developed by the plant as a defence against sucking and chewing insects, but over time many of the […]

Read More